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Biography Richard Dawkins

Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS, FRSL (born 26 March 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science author. He was formerly Professor for Public Understanding of Science at Oxford and was a fellow of New College, Oxford.

Dawkins came to prominence with his 1976 book The Selfish Gene, which popularised the gene-centred view of evolution and introduced the term meme. In 1982, he made a widely cited contribution to evolutionary biology with the theory, presented in his book The Extended Phenotype, that the phenotypic effects of a gene are not necessarily limited to an organism's body, but can stretch far into the environment, including the bodies of other organisms.


Dawkins is a prominent critic of creationism and intelligent design. In his 1986 book The Blind Watchmaker, he argued against the watchmaker analogy, an argument for the existence of a supernatural creator based upon the complexity of living organisms. Instead, he described evolutionary processes as analogous to a blind watchmaker. He has since written several popular science books, and makes regular television and radio appearances, predominantly discussing these topics.

Dawkins is an atheist, secular humanist, sceptic, scientific rationalist, and supporter of the Brights movement.He has widely been referred to in the media as "Darwin's Rottweiler",[by analogy with English biologist T. H. Huxley, who was known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of natural selection. In his 2006 book The God Delusion, Dawkins contends that a supernatural creator almost certainly does not exist and that faith qualifies as a delusion − as a fixed false belief. As of November 2007, the English language version had sold more than 1.5 million copies and had been translated into 31 other languages, making it his most popular book to date.

With thanks to Wiki for information about Richard Dawkins



Dawkins, R. (1968). "The ontogeny of a pecking preference in domestic chicks". Z Tierpsychol 25 (2): 170–86. PMID 5684149.
Dawkins, R. (1969). "Bees Are Easily Distracted". Science 165 (3895): 751. doi:10.1126/science.165.3895.751. PMID 17742255.


Dawkins, R. (1976). "Growing points in ethology". in Bateson, P.P.G. and Hinde, R.A.. Hierarchical organization: A candidate principle for ethology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-286092-5.
Dawkins, R.; Carlisle, T.R. (1976). "Parental investment, mate desertion and a fallacy". Nature (London: Nature Publishing Group) 262: 131-133.
Treisman, M.; Dawkins, R. (1976). "The “cost of meiosis”: is there any?". Journal of Theoretical Biology (London: Academic Press) 63 (2): 479-484. doi:10.1016/0022-5193(76)90047-3.
Dawkins, R. (1976). "Universal Darwinism". in Bendall, D.S.. Evolution from Molecules to Men. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 403-425.
Dawkins R (1978). "Replicator selection and the extended phenotype". Z Tierpsychol 47 (1): 61–76. PMID 696023.
Dawkins, R.; Krebs, J.R. (1978). "Animal signals: information or manipulation". Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. pp. 282-309.
Dawkins, R. (1979) "Twelve Misunderstandings of Kin Selection". Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 51, 184-200.
Dawkins R, Krebs JR (1979). "Arms races between and within species". Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 205 (1161): 489–511. PMID 42057.
Brockmann, H.J.; Dawkins, R.; Grafen A. (1979). "Joint nesting in a digger wasp as an evolutionarily stable preadaptation to social life". Behaviour (London: Academic Press) 71: 203-244.
Dawkins, Richard; Brockmann, H.J., Grafen, A. (1979). "Evolutionarily stable nesting strategy in a digger wasp". Journal of Theoretical Biology 77 (4): 473-496. doi:10.1016/0022-5193(79)90021-3.


Dawkins, R. (1980). "Good strategy or evolutionarily stable strategy". in Barlow, G.W. and Silverberg, J.. Sociobiology: Beyond Nature/Nurture?. Colorado: Westview Press. pp. 331—337. ISBN 0-89-158960-0.
Dawkins, Richard; Brockmann, H.J. (1980). "Do digger wasps commit the concorde fallacy?". Animal Behaviour 28 (3): 892-896. doi:10.1016/S0003-3472(80)80149-7.
Dawkins, R. (1982). The Extended Phenotype. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-288051-9.
Krebs, J.R.; Dawkins, R. (1984). "Animal signals: mind-reading and manipulation". in Krebs, J. R. and Davies, N.B.. Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. pp. 380-402.
Dawkins, R. (1986). The Blind Watchmaker. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-31570-3.


Dawkins, R. (1990). "Parasites, desiderata lists and the paradox of the organism". Parasitology 100 Suppl: S63–73. PMID 2235064.
Dawkins, R. (June 1991). "Evolution of the Mind". Nature 351 (6329): 686.
Hurst, L.D.; Dawkins, R. (May 1992). "Evolutionary Chemistry: Life in a Test Tube". Nature 357 (6375): 198-199. PMID 1375346.
Dawkins, R. (December 1992). "Is god a computer virus?". New Statesman 5 (233): 42-45.
Dawkins, R. (June 1993). "Meet my cousin, the chimpanzee". New Scientist 138 (1876): 36-38.
Dawkins, R. (1993). "Viruses of the Mind". Free Inquiry: 34-41. http://www.simonyi.ox.ac.uk/dawkins/WorldOfDawkins-archive/Dawkins/Work/Articles/1993-summervirusesofmind.shtml.
Dawkins, R. (1994). "Evolutionary biology. The eye in a twinkling". Nature 368 (6473): 690–1. doi:10.1038/368690a0. PMID 8152479.
Dawkins, R. (December 1994). "Burying The Vehicle". Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4): 616-617. http://www.simonyi.ox.ac.uk/dawkins/WorldOfDawkins-archive/Dawkins/Work/Articles/1994burying_the_vehicle.shtml.
Dawkins, R. (September 1995). "The Evolved Imagination". Natural History 104 (9): 8.
Dawkins, R. (1995). River out of Eden. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-06990-8.
Dawkins, R. (November 1995). "God's Utility Function". Scientific American 273 (5): 80-85.
Dawkins, R. (1996). Climbing Mount Improbable. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-31682-3.
Dawkins, R. (August 1997). "Religion and Science". BioEssays 19 (8): 743. doi:10.1002/bies.950190817.
Dawkins, R. (1997). "The Pope's message on evolution: Obscurantism to the rescue". The Quarterly Review of Biology 72 (4): 397-399.
Dawkins, R. (1998). "Intellectual Imposters". Nature 394 (6689): 141-143.
Dawkins, R. (1998). Unweaving the Rainbow. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-618-05673-4.
Dawkins, R. (1998). "Arresting evidence". Sciences (New York) 38 (6): 20-25. PMID 11657757.
Dawkins, R. (10 April 1999). "Snake Oil and Holy Water". Forbes: 235+. http://www.forbes.com/asap/1999/1004/235.html.

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Dawkins, R. (2000). "W. D. Hamilton memorial". Nature 405 (6788): 733.
Dawkins, R. (2 October 2000). "Hall of Mirrors". Forbes: 273. http://www.forbes.com/asap/2000/1002/273.html.
Dawkins, R. (January 2001). "What is science good for?". Harvard Business Review 79 (1): 159–63, 178. PMID 11189460.
Dawkins, R. (2002). "Should doctors be Darwinian?". Transactions of the Medical Society of London 119: 15–30. PMID 17184029.
Blakemore C, Dawkins R, Noble D, Yudkin M (2003). "Is a scientific boycott ever justified?". Nature 421 (6921): 314. doi:10.1038/421314b. PMID 12540875.
Dawkins, R. (2003). A Devil's Chaplain. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-618-33540-4.
Dawkins, R. (2003). "The evolution of evolvability". On Growth, Form and Computers. London: Academic Press.
Dawkins, R. (2004). The Ancestor's Tale. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-618-00583-8.
Dawkins, R. (2004). "Viruses of the mind". in Warburton, N.. Philosophy: Basic Readings. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-41-533798-4.
Dawkins, R. (June 2004). "Extended phenotype - But not too extended. A reply to Laland, Turner and Jjablonka". Biology & Physiology 19 (3): 377-396.
Dawkins, R. "The Giant Tortoise's Tale", The Guardian (London) February 19th, 2005
Dawkins, R. "The Turtle's Tale", The Guardian (London) February 26th, 2005
Dawkins, R. "God's Gift to Kansas", The Times (London) May 21st, 2005
Dawkins, R. "The Lava Lizard's Tale", The Guardian (London)
Dawkins, R. (2006). The God Delusion. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 0-618-68000-4.
Dawkins, R. (2007). "Genes still central". New Scientist 196 (2634): 18. doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(07)63136-4. PMID 12540875.
Krauss, L.M.; Dawkins, R. (2007). "Should science speak to faith?". Scientific American 297 : 88-91.
Dawkins, R. (2008). "The group delusion". New Scientist 197 (2638): 17.
Various (2008). Richard Dawkins. ed. The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-199-21680-0.
Dawkins, R. (2008). "The evolution of altruism – what matters is gene selection". New Scientist 197 (2638): 17. doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(08)60086-X.
Dawkins, R. (September 2009). The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution. Free Press (United States), Transworld (United Kingdom and Commonwealth

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